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九年級英語第十五單元At home with the twins

2011-08-21 初三英語教案 來源:互聯網 作者:

科目 英語
年級 初三
文件 middle3 unit15.doc
標題 At home with the twins
章節 第十五單元
四會: right away, whether, for long, make friends, get on … with…mistake, make a mistake, dance, either, light, dark, take one’s time, cost, try … on
三會: lonely, fight, decide, wool(l)en, hang, cotton, expensive, soft
right awayIt feels strange to do…
a twin sisterfor long
make friends with…get on (well) with…
mistake sb for sbmake a mistake
feel the sameon one’s birthday
light / dark greendecide to do
birthday presentmake problems
fight aboutplay with
try sth onhave a look at …
take one’s time


Do we need some more … ?
Can you go and get some, please?
What can I do for you?
Do you like this one?
Can I try it on?
It’s (not) cheap enough.
I’d like two sweaters for my daughter.
Please take your time.
I can’t decide which one to buy.

用情態動詞must提問時, 否定回答用needn’t ;
用need做情態動詞提問時, 肯定回答用must .
I needn’t show her the answer to the question, need I?
我不必把這個問題的答案給她看, 是嗎?
“Must you finish your homework today?”
“你必須今天完成作業 嗎?”
“Yes, I must”(“No, I needn’t.”)
“是的, 我必須今天完成.”(“不, 我不必今天完成.”)
“Need she go at once?”
“Yes, she must.”(“No, she needn’t.”)
“是的, 她必須馬上走.”(“不, 她不必馬上走.”)
need作為實意動詞有它作為動詞的多種形式, 可以用于各種
句型之中, 表示不同的意義.
實際上need較多地用于實意動詞, 較少用于情態動詞.
在表示過去意義時, 常用作實意動詞, 而不用作情態動詞.
“Does he need to wash his hands?”
“Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.”
“是的, 他得洗. / 不, 他不必洗.”
Did they need to do it yesterday?
We need to practise speaking English more often, don’t we?
我們需要多練習說英語, 是不是?

否定疑問句一般用來表示驚異, 責難, 贊嘆, 邀請或建議等,
That’s really a great place. Don’t you go with us?
那真是一個奇妙的地方, 你難道不和我們一塊去? (驚異)
Why are you so late? Didn’t I tell you to come early?
你為什么來得這么遲? 我不是叫你早點來的嗎? (責備)
Isn’t the film interesting!
這部電影真是有趣極了. (贊嘆)
Won’t you have another cup of tea?
再喝一杯茶好嗎? (邀請或建議)
Mom, can’t Lily do it?
媽媽, Lily就不能做嗎? (責備)
有時對不太有把握的事情向對方提問, 也可以用這種否定疑問句;
這時答語應該和附加問句的答語一樣, 如果是肯定的, 要用Yes,
否則就用No, 這跟漢語的習慣很不相同.
“Aren’t you in Class Two?”“Yes, I am.”
“你不是二班的學生吧?”“不, 我是二班的.”
“Doesn’t she want to go?”“No, she doesn’t.”
“她難道不想去嗎?”“是的, 她不想去.”
(…亦)如此, (…也)同樣
通常用于“so + 系動詞/助動詞/情態動詞 + 主語”的句型中.
I was late and so was she.
我遲到了, 她也是.
“I am leaving now.”“So am I.”
“I saw the film on TV. ”“So did I.”
“I can play tennis.”“So can I.”
通常用于“so + 主語 + 系動詞/助動詞/情態動詞”的句型中.
“She is very good at swimming.”“So she is.”
“她很擅長游泳.”“不錯, 確實如此.”
“Tom often goes to school by bike.”“So he does.”
“湯姆經常騎車去上學.”“不錯, 的確如此.”
“She’s made a mistake about me.”“So she has.”
“She can help her mother with the cooking.”“So she can.”
“她會幫媽媽做飯”“是的, 她會.”
what引導的是名詞性從句, 在復合句中可以做主語, 賓語, 表語.
what從句可以用來表示一種問題, 具有疑問概念.這種從句結構上
仍是一個特殊問句, 只是不用倒裝語序.
What she wants to say isn’t clear to us.
I don’t know what he said at the meeting.
The problem is what we should do next.
What從句可以表示一種東西或事情, 不具有疑問概念.
That’s what we need.
What I saw there is not easy to forget.
Do you still remember what she said?
The factory is quite different from what it was.
和疑問詞引導的賓語從句一樣, 從句的語序應為陳述句語序,
即whether/if + 主語 + 謂語.
“Lucy, can you go and get some tea?” she asked.
She asked Lucy if / whether she could go and get some tea.
He asked, “Are you a doctor or a teacher?”
He asked me whether I was a doctor or a teacher.

alone是陳述一個客觀事實, 獨自一個人, 沒有同伴或助手.
Lonely則有濃厚的情感色彩, 表示“渴望伴侶”、“孤獨地, 寂寞地”
He was alone in the room when I saw him.
我看到他時, 他獨自一人在屋里.
He feels lonely when he is left alone.
只剩下他一個人的時候, 他就感到孤獨.

7.for long (副)長久(地) (用于否定句, 疑問句, if從句)
We won’t stay there for long.
Were you there for long?
8.make friends with sb. 意思是“與某人交朋友”, 其中friends總是
My father likes to make friends with doctors.
I decide to make friends with Tom.

9.get on/along with sb與(某人) 相處
How are you getting on with your classmates?
We get on well with each other.
He doesn’t get on well his teacher.
get on/along with sth. 在(某方面)進展或進行
How are you getting on/along with your study of English?
Things are getting on well here.
Go and see how he’s getting on with his work.
10.mistake可以作動詞(vt.), 意思是“誤解…, 弄錯, 誤會”
mistake + n.
I mistook his meaning / what he meant.
I often mistake the date/ the address.
mistake + n. + for + n. 把…誤為…
He often mistook me for my brother.
I’m sorry I mistook you for Mrs Li.
mistake可以作名詞, 意思是“錯誤, 過失, 誤解, 誤會”
make a mistake搞錯, 誤會
They call me Lily sometimes and I don’t always tell them they/'ve
made a mistake.
他們有時叫我Lily, 但我并不每次對他們說他們搞錯了.
make a mistake犯錯誤, 出錯
Everyone may make mistakes in life.
You made many mistakes in your exercises.
We should make as few mistakes as possible in our work.

11.too, either和also表示“也”
too用于口語, 語氣較強, 放在句尾, 或作插入語放在句中.
also一般用于正式場合, 緊靠動詞.
either作為副詞表示“也”, 一般用于否定句中, 與too相對,放在句尾.
He will go to town tomorrow. I shall go, too.
他明天將進城去, 我也去.
He was in Beijing last summer, too.
I also went to the meeting.
I’ve also read that story.
He is not in the classroom and he isn’t in the library, either.
他不在教室, 他也不在圖書館.
He didn’t go to school yesterday and she didn’t either.
昨天他沒去上學, 她也沒去.

12.decide表示“決定, 決心, 判斷, 推斷”
decide + to do / that… 決定做…
He decided to buy a new car.
=He decided (that) he would buy a new car.
She decided not to go.
=She decided that she (should) not go.
decide + wh- 決定…
I can’t decide which to take.
=I can’t decide which I (should) take.

13.take one’s time vi. 慢慢來
You don’t have to answer quickly. Please take your time.
你不必著急回答, 請慢慢考慮.
疑問代詞what, which, whom或疑問副詞how, when, where可引導
一個不定式在句中作賓語. 這種結構往往可轉換成一個主從復合句, 不定式可改為一個由疑問詞引導的賓語從句.
I don’t know what to do next.
=I don’t know what I shall do next.
Have you decided which to choose?
=Have you decided which you should choose?
Do you know whom to go with?
=Do you know whom you shall go with?
He showed me how to start the machine.
=He showed me how I could start the machine.
Did she tell you when to have the meeting?
=Did she tell you when we should have the meeting?
At last I got to know where to find his address.
=At last I got to know where I could find his address.
15.cost, spend, pay和take的用法
Sth. + cost + sb. + money (某物)花了(某人)多少錢
This sweater cost me 100 dollars.
Sb + spend + money + on/for + sth. 花錢于….
I spent 100 dollars on this sweater.
Sb + spend + time + (in) doing sth. 花多少時間來做…
I spent my summer vacation (in) reading and fishing.
Sb + pay + (sb) + money + for + sth. 某人付給某人多少錢買某物
I paid (the shopkeeper) 100 dollars for this sweater.
我付給(店主) 100美元買這件毛衣.
It + take + sb + time + to do sth做某事花掉某人多少時間
It took me one hour to finish my homework yesterday.
昨天我花了一個小時來完成作業 .


1. A. changeB. makeC. mistakeD. dance
2. A. eighthB. eitherC. eightyD. eight
3. A. darkB. starC. hardD. war
4. A. heartB. clearC. hearD. dear
5. A. schoolB. moonC. woolD. food
6. A. weatherB. leaveC. headD. bread
7. A. ratherB. togetherC. withD. think
8. A. enoughB. coughC. laughD. light
9. A. BritainB. chemistryC. dinnerD. mind
10. A. whetherB. wholeC. whoD. whose

1.I’m very pleased ________ (hear) that your wife will come to our get-together.

2.The tow shirts both look nice. I can’t decide which ________ (buy).
3.Whose turn is it ________ (give) a talk in class?
4.What are you usually doing while your parents _______ (watch) TV?
5.Can you tell me how much the radio ________ (cost) you?
6.I ________ (do) some reading when the light went out.
7.How many times ______ your parents ________ (visit) our school this year?
8.Where _______ you _______ (go) for your last summer holiday?
9.How soon ________ you ________ (be) ready for the journey?
10.I ________ (not stay) there for long.

1.What have you decided to give your girl friend ________ her birthday?
A.at B. in C. with D. for
2.I’d better invite ________ .
A.both them B. all them
C. them all D. them of both
3.________ do you know they are fighting about?
A.How B. Which C. What D. Where
4.I don’t know how Sally ________ at school with her lessons.
A.gets up B. gets on C. gets out D. gets down
5.Sorry I mistook you ________ Mr Green.
A.with B. of C. by D. for
6.I don’t think a small thing like this ________ so much.
A.paid B. spent C. cost D. took
7.He still has no idea when ________ her the bad news.
A.tells B. telling C. will tell D. to tell
8.If you stay at school this Sunday, I ________ go anywhere ________ .
A.don’t, either B. don’t, too
C. won’t, either D. won’t, too
9.Everybody in our class went to help except you ________ .
A.and me B. or me C. and I D. or I
10.He didn’t think the shirt ________, so he didn’t buy it.
A.enough cheap B. enough expensive
C. cheap enough D. expensive enough
11.________ he told us about how to learn English well is really very important.
A.Which B. That C. What D. Where
12.Is this story the same as ________ in that newspaper?
A.what B. that C. it D. the one
13.I ________ go there this morning, so I stayed.
A.needn’t to B. didn’t need
C. didn’t need to D. needed not
14.“Aren’t you Mary’s sister?”“________. I’m her aunt.”
A.No, I am B. Yes, I’m not
C. No, I’m not D. Yes, I am
15.“Tom does very well in Chinese.”“____________”
A.He does it B. He does so
C. So does he D. So he does
16.She asked me whether ________ able to read and write in English.
A.was he B. he was
C. he could be D. could he be
17.“I’m sorry I’ve forgotten to bring you the letter.”
“Never mind. ________.”
A.I’m going to get it myself
B.I’m going and get it myself
C.I’ll go and get it myself
D.I’ll go to get myself
18.I ________ that piece of cake for two yuan.
A.spent B. cost C. bought D. took
Have you ever seen snow? ___1___ people in the world have not. A lot of countries never have snow or they have it only on the tops of very high mountains. In Scotland and in the north or England, there is quite a lot of snow every ___2___ but in the south of England, there is usually ___3___.
When a student from ___4___ country like Malays (馬萊半島) or Indonesia (印度尼西亞) comes to Britain in autumn for the first time, he feels ___5___ at first. There are ___6___ dark clouds, gray sky and cold rain in Britain in autumn, and most students from warm countries ___7___ like this.
But snow is different. Although it is very cold, it is very beautiful. Perhaps, after several dark mornings, the student wakes up one day, and there is a lot of ___8___ in his room. He thinks, “Is it so ___9___?” and jumps out of bed. But no, it is no very last. He ___10___ out of the window and there is the ___11___ , on the ground and on the roofs (屋頂) of the houses and ___12___. The light in his room came from that clean, beautiful white snow.

1. A. A lot ofB. MuchC. A littleD.A lot
2. A. springB. summerC. autumnD. winter
3. A. a littleB. littleC. fewD. a few
4. A. a coldB. a windyC. a warmD. a rainy
5. A. hotB. coldC. coolD. warm
6. A. oftenB. notC. noD. even
7. A. notB. does notC. do notD. have
8. A. lightB. darkC. windD. bright
9. A. earlyB. coldC. warmD. late
10. A. seesB. looksC. looks atD. sees for
11. A. windB. rainC. snowD. fog
12. A.anywhereB. nowhereC. whereD.everywhere


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